Aliasing and Nyquist Condition

Let us consider a simple sinusoidal signal

x(t) = 5*sin(10*t + 3)

This is a signal with amplitude of 5, angular frequency of 10 and phase of 3. The Nyquist condition demands that the angular frequency, mod(𝜔) ≤ pi/delta t.

For the above figure 1, we took 𝜔 to be 10 and pi/delta t is 99.5, so the Nyquist condition satisfies and we do not see the aliasing. Here the sampling rate, Δ𝑡 is 0.0316.

Let us see what happens when we take the pi/delta t to be less than 𝜔.

In this case we took the sampling rate, Δ𝑡 to be 0.3307. Here the pi/delta t is 9.5000 which is less than 𝜔 . Hence the Nyquist condition is not satisfied and there is a clear aliasing. The sinusoidal signal does not appear to be sinusoidal.


Matlab Codes:

clear; close all; clc






grid on

axis tight



title('Plot of 5*sin(10t+3)')

—Utpal Kumar (IES,  Academia Sinica)

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